Implementation of the geneva Interim Agreement included transparency measures and enhanced monitoring to ensure the peaceful nature of Iran`s nuclear program. It was agreed that the IAEA would be „solely responsible for verifying and confirming all nuclear measures, in accordance with its ongoing inspection role in Iran.“ The IAEA inspection included daily access to Natanz and Fordow and managed access to centrifuge production facilities, uranium mines and mills, and the Arak heavy water reactor.    In order to implement these and other verification measures, Iran has committed to „introducing greater and unprecedented transparency in its nuclear program, including through more frequent and intrusive inspections, as well as increased provision of information to the IAEA.“  Iran has stated that Arak`s state-of-the-art IR-40 research reactor is expected to be operational in the first quarter of 2014. During on-site inspections of the IR-40 design, IAEA inspectors found that the previously reported installation of refrigeration cables and moderators was nearing completion. The IAEA says Iran will use the RRT to test fuel for the IR-40 reactor, a reactor that the UN Security Council has asked Iran to stop building because it could be used to make plutonium for nuclear weapons. According to the IAEA report, „On November 26, 2012, the Agency reviewed a prototype of the natural gas production group IR-40 IR-40 prior to its release to TRR for irradiation control.“  Since its last visit on August 17, 2011, the Agency has no longer had access to the facility and has therefore relied on satellite images to monitor the status of the facility.  The Trump administration said trump personally campaigned against dealing with Iran at the Brussels summit in May 2017. This was probably contrary to the JCPOA`s terms, which explicitly state that the United States „must not adopt a policy specifically aimed at directly and negatively influencing the normalization of trade and economic relations with Iran.“ In July 2017, the Trump administration confirmed that Iran had complied with the agreement, but in October 2017, the Trump administration refused to re-certify Iran`s compliance with the agreement, saying that „Iran has violated the agreement on several occasions.“  On April 2, 2015, President Obama, who welcomed the agreement between the P5-1 and Iran on the parameters of a comprehensive agreement, said, „Today, the United States reached a historic agreement with our allies and partners with Iran that, if fully implemented, will prevent them from obtaining a nuclear weapon.“  The Ministry of Foreign Affairs welcomed the nuclear agreement and stated that Turkey had actively supported the peaceful settlement processes through dialogue and had contributed to this by concluding the Tehran Joint Declaration in 2010.  On August 8, 2015, 29 eminent American scientists, mostly physicists, published an open letter in which they committed to the agreement.
 The letter to Obama states, „We congratulate you and your team on the negotiations for a technically sound, rigorous and innovative agreement that will provide the necessary security over the next decade and will not develop nuclear weapons more than Iran, and will serve as the basis for other initiatives to strengthen barriers to nuclear proliferation in the Middle East and around the world.“  The letter also states that the agreement „can advance the cause of peace and security in the Middle East and serve as a guide for future non-proliferation agreements.“   Among the 29 signatories were „some of the world`s most competent experts in the field of nuclear weapons and arms control,“ many of whom had Q clearances and were long-time advisers to Congress, the White House and federal authorities.  The five main authors were Richard L.